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Jantar Mantar Jaipur

Jantar Mantar in Jaipur

If you arrive here in Rajasthan one thing which you just cannot miss is the Jantar Mantar Jaipur. This is an important Rajasthan Monument and is one of the five observatories built by Maharaj Jai Singh in the period 1727-1733.
The Jantar Mantar Jaipur is the largest observatory and its name is derived from the Sanskrit word Yantra Mantra meaning Chanting Instruments.
The observatory has an array of astronomical instruments which are believed to give correct information now also.There are fourteen major geometric devices for measuring time, predicting eclipses, tracking stars in their orbits, determining the declinations of planets, and also measuring the celestial altitudes and related ephemeredes.

Out of these instruments the Samrat Jantar is the largest instrument. It is 90 feet high and when its shadow falls on the ground you can tell the time of day. Its face is angled at 27 degrees, which shows the latitude of Jaipur.The announcement of eclipses and the arrival of monsoons is done from the small dome shaped cupola on its top.

At Jantar Mantar in Jaipur each instrument built by stone and marble with an astronomical scale on the inner lining of each device At Jantar Mantar you find instruments like

  1. The Dhruva Yantra used to pinpoint the position of 12 Zodiac signs as well as the Pole Star at night.
  2. The Narivalya Yantra is a unique sundial with two dials - the first dial facing south reads time when the sun is inclined towards the Equator (0 Degree Latitude) and Tropic of Capricorn (22.5 Degrees South latitude) in the southern hemisphere, between the time period 21 September to 21 March and the other one facing north reads time for the rest of the year when the sun is in the northern hemisphere that is inclined on Equator (0 Degree Latitude) and Tropic of Cancer (22.5 Degrees North latitude), i.e., from 21 March to 21 September.
  3. The seat of the Observer, Jai Singh's seat
  4. Kranti Yantra used for direct measurement of the longitude and latitude of other heavenly bodies apart from earth.
  5. Raj Yantra or the King of Instruments used only once a year to calculate the Hindu calenda
  6. Unnsyhsmsa yantra for determining the altitudes of the heavenly bodies
  7. Chakra yantra that helps you find an angle of an object from the equator
  8. Disha yantra or the compass pointing always to the north.
  9. Dakshina yantra observes the position of heavenly bodies when passing over the meridian
  10. Large Samrat Yantra, is ten times larger and accurate than the Samrat Yanta is also used to predict the length and heaviness of the monsoon for the particular region.
  11. The Rashivalayas Yantra has 12 sundials for the signs of the zodiac
  12. Jai Prakash Yantra act as a cross check on all the other instruments. Jantar Mantar in Jaipur is the biggest stone observatory in the world, and it still gives correct information .
  13. Come and witness the wisdom of bygone era,contact Tourist Places Rajasthan fro more information.

How to Reach Jaipur:

There are regular flights from Delhi, Mumbai, Jodhpur, and Udaipur to Jaipur. The city is also well linked to Delhi, Mumbai, Madras, Kolkata, and Jammu by both trains and buses. Tourist Places Rajasthan invites you to come and experience the architectural wonder ,Hawa Mahal Jaipur.